I’ve got a new vocab video up on my Spanish YouTube channel this week.
Here’s the thing: I’ve been teaching English for quite a while online, but I also like Spanish.
And I’m a fan of Spain and the culture.
So with that in mind, I’m making a few videos about common Spanish expressions and vocabulary you might need if you’re travelling around – or living in Spain.
So without any further ado, here are some words that change meanings depending on their gender.
Some of them get sort of sexy and anatomical, so if you’re offended by that kind of thing, maybe don’t watch.
Spanish words that change meaning according to gender
I invited Laura from La Casita de Laura to join me for the video.
We also met up when I was down in Gran Canaria last year.
This video, of course, is on Zoom…
Okay, so what are these words?
Basically, words that have a completely different meaning when you change their grammatical gender, and change the -o to an -a on the end.
There are other words like la cura (cure) and el cura (priest) that only change the article and the meaning, without changing the final letter. Maybe we’ll do those another day..
Anyway, here are some written examples, more or less the same as in the video…
caballo / caballa
You might know that caballo is horse, but did you know that caballa is nothing of the kind?
It’s actually a kind of fish: a mackerel.
Not even a seahorse, that’s a caballito de mar.
The lady horse, in Spanish, is a yegua.
After that we’ve got…
pollo / polla
Pollo is chicken (both the animal and the food) but polla is penis. Or, if you prefer something more colloquial, dick.
Told you this was going to get anatomical.
Expressions include “pollas en vinagre” which is pretty difficult to explain. Literally, it’s “pickled dicks”, but basically you use it to express frustration.
Also “me parto la polla” which is what you say when something is really funny. ROFL.
coño / coña
The word coño is pussy, basically. It can be anatomical, but it’s also used in a variety of expressions, and as an exclamation.
Déjame en paz, ¡coño! = Leave me alone, for fuck’s sake!
Although as an exclamation it can also be used for happiness, surprise, or basically whatever you want.
And coña is a joke.
Ni de coña. = No fucking way.
¿Estás de coña? = Are you joking?
That’s all the sexy ones for this article. Moving on…
cuento / cuenta
Un cuento is a story, but una cuenta is a bank account, or the bill at a restaurant.
Laura explains the expression “No me vengas con el cuento” which is basically “Don’t give me your excuses.”
Cuentas can also be beads, for making a necklace, for example.
And the normal word for “bill” is factura or recibo – or if you’re talking about money, billete.
I guess that’s a Spanish vocab lesson for another day.
pulpo / pulpa
Pulpo is octopus.
Here’s pulpo a la gallega, one of my favorite Spanish foods.
And pulpa is pulp, like in orange juice. In a shop, you can buy “zumo de naranja con pulpa”, or “sin pulpa”.
While we’re on the topic, pulpa can also be the pulp used to make paper.
foco / foca
Un foco is either one of headlights on a car, or the spotlight in a theatre (for example).
The expression “estar en el foco de la atención” is to be the center of attention.
Foca, on the other hand, is a seal – the marine mammal, not the thing you use to close something.
libro / libra
You probably know that libro is a book, but what about libra?
That’s actually a pound, either the unit of weight or the pound sterling.
And as Laura mentions in the video, both can be conjugations of the verb “librar”, which is basically “to have a day off work”.
For example: Yo libro el lunes, pero ella libra el martes.
And Libra is, of course, also an astrological sign, if you’re into that sort of thing.
puerto / puerta
Puerto has a couple of meanings. It can be a port, as in a sea port. We use it for the “port” in aeropuerto also.
And it’s a mountain pass, like Puerto de Navacerrada in Madrid.
Puerta is a door, so you can say “abre la puerta” or “cierra la puerta” among (many) other things.
plato / plata
Plato is a plate, and it’s also a dish (meaning the type of food). On a restaurant menu, you might see “primeros platos”, or “segundos platos” or “platos principales”.
On the other hand, plata is silver, or they use it more generally to mean money. Think Pablo Escobar, in Narcos, saying his famous catchphrase “Plata o plomo.”
Laura mentions that in Spain, for money they say “pasta” meaning dough. Which I guess we can do in English as well. Check out a Jay-Z and Biggie song I like a lot: I Love the Dough.
bolso / bolsa
Bolso is handbag, whereas bolsa is just a bag in general.
And of course, Spanish has a lot of vocabulary, so you’ve also got maleta (suitcase), maletín (briefcase), mochila (backpack) and more.
In the video, Laura mentions that La Bolsa, with a capital B, is the stock market.
So that’s about it…
Want to learn more Spanish vocabulary?
And for a lot more about grammar, check out my friend Olly’s course, Spanish Uncovered. It’ll have you speaking like a pro in no time.
Hope you enjoyed this lesson.
Mr Chorizo AKA Mr Daniel.
P.S. I guess that “Spanish words that change meaning according to gender” is about the worst keyword in the history of keywords, but let’s repeat it one more time for the bots. And if you want more about SEO, check out my article on building blog traffic. Have fun!